Ukunqongophala kweGesi eNoble, ukuBuyisa kwakhona kunye neeMarike ezisakhulayo

Ishishini legesi elikhethekileyo kwihlabathi lidlule kwiimvavanyo kunye neembandezelo ezimbalwa kwiinyanga zamva nje.Ishishini liyaqhubeka ukuba phantsi koxinzelelo olukhulayo, ukusuka kwiinkxalabo eziqhubekayoi-heliumimveliso kwingxaki yetshiphu ye-elektroniki enokubakho ebangelwa kukunqongophala kwerhasi enqabileyo kulandela imfazwe yaseRussia-Ukrainian.
Kwiwebinar yeGas World yamva nje, “ISpecialty Gas Spotlight,” iingcali zoshishino ezivela kwiinkampani eziphambili i-Electrofluoro Carbons (EFC) kunye ne-Weldcoa ziphendula imibuzo malunga nemingeni ejongene neegesi ezizodwa namhlanje.

Ukraine umboneleli inkulu ehlabathini iigesi ezibalaseleyo, kuqukaneon, ikriptonikwayexenon.Kwihlabathi jikelele, ilizwe libonelela malunga nama-70% ehlabathineonigesi kunye ne-40% yehlabathiikriptoniigesi.I-Ukraine ikwabonelela ngeepesenti ezingama-90 zomgangatho ophezulu we-semiconductor-gradeneonigesi esetyenziswa kwimveliso yeetshiphusi ezisetyenziswa lishishini US, ngokutsho Centre for Strategic and International Studies.

Phakathi kokusetyenziswa okuxhaphakileyo kulo lonke ikhonkco lokubonelela nge-electronic chip, ukunqongophala okuqhubekayo kweegesi ezintle kunokuba nefuthe elimangalisayo kwimveliso yobuchwepheshe efakwe kwii-semiconductors, kubandakanya izithuthi, iikhompyutha, iinkqubo zomkhosi kunye nezixhobo zonyango.

UMat Adams, usekela mongameli olawulayo kumthengisi wegesi we-Electronic Fluorocarbons, uveze ukuba ishishini legesi elinqabileyo, ngakumbi i-xenon kunyeikriptoni, uphantsi koxinzelelo “olukhulu”."Kwinqanaba lezinto eziphathekayo, umthamo okhoyo unempembelelo enkulu kwishishini," kuchaza uAdams.

Imfuno iyaqhubeka ngaphandle kokuphazamiseka njengoko unikezelo luqhubeka luthintelwa ngakumbi.Ngecandelo lesathelayithi elithatha esona sabelo sikhulu kwimarike ye-xenon yehlabathi, ukwanda kotyalo-mali kwisathelayithi nesathelayithi kunye nobuchwepheshe obunxulumeneyo buyaqhubeka ukuphazamisa ishishini eliguquguqukayo ngoku.

“Xa uphehlelela isathelayithi yeebhiliyoni zeedola, awungekhe uyeke ukuswelaxenon, oko kuthetha ukuba kufuneka ube nayo,” utshilo u-Adams.Oku kubeke uxinzelelo olongezelelekileyo lwamaxabiso kwimathiriyeli kwaye sibona ukunyuka kwamaxabiso emarike, ke abathengi bethu bajongene nemingeni.Ukuhlangabezana nale mingeni, i-EFC iyaqhubeka nokutyala imali ekuhlanjululweni, ekuxutyweni kunye nemveliso eyongezelelweyo yeegesi ezihloniphekileyo kwindawo yayo yaseHatfield, ePennsylvania.

Xa kuziwa ekunyuseni utyalo-mali kwiigesi ezihloniphekileyo, umbuzo uvela: njani?Ukunqongophala kweegesi ezintle kuthetha ukuba imingeni yemveliso ininzi.Ukuntsokotha kwekhonkco lonikezelo kuthetha ukuba utshintsho olunempembelelo lunokuthatha iminyaka, u-Adams wacacisa: “Nokuba uzimisele ngokupheleleyo kutyalo-mali, kunokuthatha iminyaka ukusuka xa uthatha isigqibo sokutyala imali ukuya kuthi ga ekufumaneni imveliso.Kuloo minyaka xa iinkampani zityala imali, kuqhelekile ukubona ukuguquguquka kwexabiso elinokuthi lithintele abatyali-mali abanokubakho, kwaye ngokombono, u-Adams ukholelwa ukuba ngelixa i-shishini lityala imali, lifuna ngakumbi ngenxa yokwanda kokuvezwa kweegesi ezinqabileyo.Imfuno iya kunyuka kuphela.

Ukubuyisela kwakhona kunye nokuRecycling

Ngokufumana kwakhona kunye nokuphinda kusetyenziswe igesi, iinkampani zinokonga iindleko kunye nexesha lokuvelisa.Ukurisayikilisha nokurisayikilisha kudla ngokuba “zizihloko ezishushu” xa iindleko zerhasi ziphezulu, kuxhomekeke kakhulu kumaxabiso angoku.Njengoko imarike izinzile kwaye amaxabiso abuyela kumanqanaba embali, amandla okubuyisela aqala ukwehla.

Oko kunokutshintsha ngenxa yenkxalabo malunga nokunqongophala kunye nezinto zokusingqongileyo.

"Abathengi baqala ukugxila ngakumbi ekuhlaziyeni nasekusetyenzisweni kwakhona," u-Adams watyhila.“Bafuna ukwazi ukuba banokhuseleko lokubonelela.Lo bhubhani uye wavula amehlo ngokwenene kubasebenzisi bokugqibela, kwaye ngoku bajonge ukuba singalwenza njani utyalo-mali oluzinzileyo ukuze siqiniseke ukuba sinazo izinto esizidingayo. ”I-EFC yenze konke ebinako, indwendwela iinkampani ezimbini zesathelayithi, yaza yafumana kwakhona irhasi kwi-thrusters ngqo kwi-pad yokuqalisa.Uninzi lwee-thrusters zisebenzisa igesi ye-xenon, engasebenzi ngokwekhemikhali, engenambala, engenavumba kwaye engenancasa.U-Adams uthe ucinga ukuba le ndlela iya kuqhubeka, esongeza ukuba abaqhubi abasemva kokurisayikilisha bajikeleza ekufumaneni izixhobo kunye nokuba nezicwangciso eziqinileyo zokuqhubekeka kweshishini, ezibini zezizathu eziphambili zotyalo-mali.

Iimarike ezikhulayo

Ngokungafaniyo nezicelo ezitsha kwiimarike ezintsha, imarike yegesi ibisoloko ithande ukusebenzisa iimveliso ezindala kwizicelo ezitsha."Umzekelo, sibona izibonelelo ze-R&D zisebenzisa i-carbon dioxide kwimveliso kunye nomsebenzi we-R&D, into obungenakuyicinga kwiminyaka eyadlulayo," utshilo u-Adams.

“Ubunyulu obuphezulu buqala ukuba nemfuno yokwenyani kwimarike njengesixhobo.Ndicinga ukuba uninzi lokukhula eMelika luya kuvela kwiimarike ze-niche kwiimarike esizisebenzelayo ngoku. ”Oku kukhula kunokubonakala kwitekhnoloji efana neechips, apho kwezi teknoloji, itekhnoloji iyaqhubeka nokuvela kwaye ibencinci.Ukuba imfuno yemathiriyeli emitsha iyakhula, ishishini kunokwenzeka ukuba libone izinto ezithengiswa ngokwesiko ebaleni zifunwa ngakumbi.

Ethetha ngombono ka-Adams wokuba iimarike ezisahlumayo kusenokwenzeka ukuba ziqulathe ubukhulu becala kushishino olukhoyo, igcisa le-Weldcoa field kunye nengcali yenkxaso kubathengi uKevin Klotz uthe inkampani ibone utshintsho olukhulu kwiimveliso ze-aerospace eziye zathengiswa zabucala.icandelo leemfuno ezininzi.

“Yonke into ukusuka kwimixube yerhasi ukuya kuyo nayiphi na into endingenakuze ndiyithathele ingqalelo ukuba isondele kwiigesi ezikhethekileyo;kodwa ii-superfluids ezisebenzisa ikharbon diokside njengogqithiso lwamandla kwizixhobo zenyukliya okanye usetyenziso oluphezulu lwe-aerospace.”Ishishini leemveliso liyahlukahlukana ngotshintsho kwitekhnoloji kunye nobuchwepheshe obuvelayo, obufana nokuveliswa kwamandla, ukugcinwa kwamandla, njl.Ke, apho umhlaba wethu sele ukhona, zininzi izinto ezintsha nezinomdla ezenzekayo,” wongeze watsho uKlotz.


Ixesha lokuposa: Jul-12-2022